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Female Infertility Explained

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Female Infertility

Approximately a third of the time, infertility is related to the female partner.

There are a few conditions that could cause a female to have difficulty becoming pregnant, including premature ovarian failure (POF), physical problems with the reproductive system like damaged fallopian tubes and fibroids, or ovulation disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Reproductive Age

Age may be your biggest barrier to success. Women are born with nearly 1 million eggs, all the eggs they will ever need. When you enter your early thirties, there is a substantial decrease to less than half that.

By the late thirties, egg quality may pose a challenge as 40% of eggs will be low-quality related because of genetic imbalances and other age-related issues.

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) recommends that women under age 35 who have not conceived after twelve months or more without becoming pregnant are strongly encouraged to check with a reproductive specialist. For women over 35, ASRM suggests seeing a reproductive specialist after trying for six months without success.

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Ovulatory Dysfunction

One of the leading causes of infertility is ovulatory dysfunction, a group of disorders in which ovulation occurs irregularly or not at all.

No ovulation, or Anovulation, is a disorder where eggs do not evolve properly or are not released by the ovaries. This disorder may cause a lack of menstruation for several months. Others may menstruate when they are not ovulating. Anovulation may be caused by eating disorders, hormonal imbalances, and other medical issues, and if often unknown.

Women, particularly female athletes, who exercise excessively may experience amenorrhea, a condition where ovulation stops.

Amenorrhea often coexists with osteoporosis and eating disorders. This condition is also referred to as the "female athlete triad" and causes infertility and is often treated with diet changes, estrogen therapy and psychological counseling.

Additional Causes of Female Infertility

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